• Articles

    ADHD in Children: Common Questions and Answers

    Jennifer G. Chang, Francesca M. Cimino, Weyinshet Gossa

    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurodevelopmental condition in U.S. children and affects 8.4% of children between two and 17 years of age. Only 62% are treated with medication, less than one-half receive behavior treatment, and nearly one...

    Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Common Questions and Answers on Diagnosis and Management

    Erin C. Westfall, Robert Jeske, Andrew R. Bader

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common form of liver disease in the United States. Nonalcoholic fatty liver follows an indolent course. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is more likely to lead to cirrhosis and increases the risk of death from cardiovascular disease,...

    Oral Manifestations of Commonly Prescribed Drugs

    Aaron Glick, Vinu Sista, Cleverick Johnson

    Many adverse drug events present intra- or periorally in isolation or as a clinical symptom of a systemic effect. Clinical recognition and treatment of adverse drug events are important to increase patient compliance, to manage drug therapy, or to detect early signs of...


    Evidence to Avoid Overtesting and Overuse in Diabetes Mellitus and Other Diseases

    Kathleen Barry, David C. Slawson, Allen F. Shaughnessy

    Overuse is the use of medical interventions for which the potential harms exceed the potential benefits; this is in contrast to care that is truly necessary, supported by evidence, and likely to provide a net benefit to the patient.1 Various initiatives attempt to help...

    AFP Clinical Answers

    Augmentation Therapy, Menstrual Bleeding, VTE, Pancreatic Cancer, Acute Kidney Injury

    What is the evidence for augmentation therapy in patients with treatment-resistant depression? | Are hormonal contraceptives effective in decreasing heavy menstrual bleeding? | What testing should be used to diagnose venous thromboembolism (VTE)? | Which patients should be...

    Putting Prevention Into Practice

    Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections

    Tina Fan, Melissa Palma

    A 24-year-old cisgender woman presents to your primary care clinic for a routine physical examination. Her only medication is an etonogestrel (Implanon) 68-mg implant for birth control. She reports occasional vaping of electronic cigarettes and states that she does not drink...

    Photo Quiz

    Recurrent Facial Rash

    Jason Ramirez

    A healthy 34-year-old patient presented with a worsening facial rash that first appeared about two years earlier. The rash was initially painless but developed a moderately intense burning sensation with repeated flare-ups. There was no scarring or pruritus.


    Oral Semaglutide (Rybelsus) for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    Afi Mansa Semenya, Stephen A. Wilson

    Oral semaglutide (Rybelsus) is a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist labeled as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. It reduces hyperglycemia by increasing insulin secretion and decreasing glucagon...

    Practice Guidelines

    Autism Spectrum Disorder: Updated Guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics

    Kristian E. Sanchack

    Key Points for Practice

    U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

    Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections: Recommendation Statement

    The USPSTF recommends behavioral counseling for all sexually active adolescents and for adults who are at increased risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) (Table 1). B recommendation.


    Antibiotic and Corticosteroid Treatment Effective for Acute Exacerbations of COPD

    Allen F. Shaughnessy

    Watch-and-Wait Strategy Is an Option for Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax

    Nita Shrikant Kulkarni

    Low-Dose Aspirin Beneficial for the Prevention of Preterm Birth in Nulliparous Patients with Singleton Pregnancy

    Linda Speer

    A Specific Probiotic Decreases Crying in Infants Younger than Two Months with Colic

    Allen F. Shaughnessy

    Information from Your Family Doctor

    Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (or NAFLD for short) is a buildup of fat in the liver that is not caused by drinking alcohol. It is the most common liver disease in the United States.


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