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    Learning Objectives

    Key Practice Recommendations


    Type 1 Diabetes

    Type 1 diabetes is defined as a state of hyperglycemia due to insulin deficiency caused by autoimmune pancreatic beta-cell destruction. The risk among individuals in the general population has been estimated at 0.5%. A family history of diabetes and a personal history of...

    Screening, Diagnosis, and Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes

    From 2013-2016, 34.5% of US adults had prediabetes. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening all adults ages 40 to 70 years with overweight or obesity for abnormal blood glucose, and screening for gestational diabetes in pregnant women after 24...

    Pharmacotherapy for Type 2 Diabetes

    For most patients with type 2 diabetes, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends an A1c goal of less than 7%. However, this goal may be adjusted depending on certain patient factors. Metformin should be used as a first-line treatment in all patients with type 2...

    Device Therapy

    Insulin pumps, continuous glucose monitors (CGMs), and hybrid closed-loop insulin pumps with CGMs are available for the management of type 1 diabetes in patients of all ages and type 2 diabetes in patients treated with multiple daily injections of insulin. These devices have...



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