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    Learning Objectives

    Key Practice Recommendations


    Common Eye Conditions

    In primary care practices and emergency departments, approximately 2% to 3% of visits are related to eye conditions. The most common diagnoses are corneal abrasion, corneal foreign body, conjunctivitis, external hordeolum (stye), and subconjunctival hemorrhage. This section...

    Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma and Cataract

    Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a progressive, chronic, irreversible ocular disease that leads to loss of visual field. In the United States, its prevalence is expected to more than double from 2011 to 2050. POAG is three times more common among Black people than White...

    Diabetic Retinopathy and Age-Related Macular Degeneration

    Diabetic retinopathy (DR), a microvascular complication of diabetes, is the most common cause of vision loss in adults ages 20 to 74 years in many countries. Initial screening for DR should occur within 5 years of a type 1 diabetes diagnosis and at the time of a type 2...

    Ophthalmic Emergencies

    Prompt recognition and referral of patients with ophthalmic emergencies is crucial to preserving vision. Acute angle-closure glaucoma is the result of blockage of the outflow of aqueous humor, which increases intraocular pressure (IOP) and damages the retina. Patients...



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