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    Acne is a chronic, recurrent inflammatory condition of the pilosebaceous unit. It affects approximately 85% of adolescents and creates significant psychosocial and financial burdens. The pathogenesis involves altered follicular growth and differentiation, microbial...

    Bacterial Infections

    Bacterial skin infections represent a significant health care burden. Cellulitis and erysipelas are rapidly spreading, painful, superficial skin infections, usually caused by streptococci or Staphylococcus aureus. Folliculitis is an infection of hair follicles mostly caused...

    Nonbacterial Infections

    Tinea infections are caused by dermatophytes, except for tinea versicolor, which is caused by yeasts in the Malassezia genus. If available, potassium hydroxide preparation should be performed to confirm diagnosis of tinea capitis or onychomycosis. In some cases, fungal...

    Atopic and Seborrheic Dermatitis

    Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, recurring, inflammatory skin condition. Xerosis, pruritus, and rash make the clinical diagnosis. Adequate skin care and regular emollient use are key in management. Topical corticosteroids are the first-line treatment for AD flare-ups. Wet...




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