Vaccine development and subsequent approval by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not always nicely coincide with publication of the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) manual. Consequently, the American Medical Association (AMA) uses its website to feature updates to the codes
for these products, based on actions taken by the CPT Editorial Panel and the FDA.
In general, once approved by the CPT Editorial Panel, AMA makes vaccine CPT codes available for release twice a year, on July 1 and Jan. 1. As part of this electronic distribution, there is a six-month implementation period from the initial release date (i.e., codes released on Jan. 1 are eligible for use on July 1, and codes released on July 1 are eligible for use Jan. 1). In case you missed them, we will discuss some vaccine codes and code changes that do not yet appear in the CPT manual.
First, the AMA released new codes 90620, for “Meningococcal recombinant protein and outer membrane vesicle vaccine, Serogroup B, 2 dose schedule, for intramuscular use,” and 90621, for “Meningococcal recombinant lipoprotein vaccine, Serogroup B, 2 or 3 dose schedule, for intramuscular use,” on Nov. 1, 2014, for implementation Feb. 1, 2015. Payers may have decided to acknowledge and implement both codes for reporting purposes prior to Feb. 1, but from a CPT perspective, they are now available to use, even though they won’t appear in the CPT manual until 2016. Both vaccines are FDA-approved.
Similarly, the AMA released new code 90697, for “Diphtheria, tetanus toxoids, acellular pertussis vaccine, inactivated poliovirus vaccine, Haemophilus influenza type b PRP-OMP conjugate vaccine, and hepatitis B vaccine (DTaP-IPV-Hib-HepB), for intramuscular use,” on July 1, 2014, for implementation on Jan. 1, 2015. This vaccine is not yet FDA-approved, and the new code will appear in the 2016 CPT manual.
The 2015 CPT manual does include a new code, 90630, for “Influenza virus vaccine, quadrivalent (IIV4), split virus, preservative free, for intradermal use,” and a new code, 90651, for “Human Papillomavirus vaccine types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, 58, nonavalent (HPV), 3 dose schedule, for intramuscular use.” Both codes are designated in the manual as not yet having FDA approval. However, the product represented by 90630 received FDA approval on Dec. 11, 2014, and the product represented by 90651 received FDA approval on Dec. 10, 2014. The 2016 CPT manual will reflect their FDA approval status.
As a reminder, the codes above only identify the vaccine product. To report the administration of a vaccine/toxoid product, you will need to use an appropriate CPT immunization administration code (e.g., 90460, “Immunization administration through 18 years of age via any route of administration, with counseling by physician or other qualified health care professional; first or only component of each vaccine or toxoid administered”) or an appropriate Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System code, such as G0008, “Administration of influenza virus vaccine.”
– Kent Moore, Senior Strategist for Physician Payment for the American Academy of Family Physicians