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Friday May 30, 2014

Potential pitfall in Medicare billing: psychotherapy in conjunction with an evaluation and management service

Four times a year, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) publishes its Medicare Quarterly Provider Compliance Newsletter, which seeks to help physicians avoid common Medicare billing errors. The latest issue(cms.gov) highlights at least four errors that may be relevant to family physicians. This week, we’ll cover one related to psychotherapy provided in conjunction with an evaluation and management (E/M) service.

Family physicians are often the first point of contact for patients with mental health issues and sometimes provide psychotherapy to such patients in addition to an E/M service at the same encounter. Since January 2013, these services provided by the same provider on the same day are separately reportable and payable as long as they are significant, separately identifiable, and billed using the correct codes. In this situation, designated add-on codes are used to report psychotherapeutic services performed in addition to E/M codes.

Those CPT codes are:

•    +90833: Psychotherapy, 30 minutes with patient and/ or family member when performed with an E/M service
•    +90836: Psychotherapy, 45 minutes with patient and/ or family member when performed with an E/M service
•    +90838: Psychotherapy, 60 minutes with patient and/or family member when performed with an E/M service

CPT provides flexibility by identifying time ranges that may be associated with each of the timed codes:

•    90833: 16 to 37 minutes
•    90836: 38 to 52 minutes
•    90838: 53 minutes or longer

Psychotherapy sessions lasting less than 16 minutes are not separately reportable.

Documentation is crucial here. Time spent for the E/M service must be recorded separately from the time spent providing psychotherapy, and time spent providing psychotherapy cannot be used to meet criteria for the E/M service. Physicians can't enter one time period that includes both the E/M service and the psychotherapy.

CMS identified this blending of time periods as a common billing error in its quarterly newsletter. For example, a physician billed for a level 3 E/M service (99213) and 45 minutes of psychotherapy (90836). However, an authenticated printed visit note from the physician's electronic health record indicated total face-to-face time with the patient of 45 minutes and did not separately indicate the time spent providing psychotherapy services. The Medicare contractor, after an unsuccessful request for additional information, counted the claim as an overpayment due to insufficient documentation and recouped the payment from the physician.

Next week:  pitfalls associated with preventive services

– Kent Moore, Senior Strategist for Physician Payment for the American Academy of Family Physicians

Posted at 02:31PM May 30, 2014 by David Twiddy

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