In my last post ("SGR relief: Let us give thanks, for now," Nov. 19, 2010), I referenced that the U.S. Senate had approved a one-month extension of the current Medicare physician fee schedule conversion factor and that the U.S. House of Representatives was expected to do the same when they returned from their Thanksgiving recess. I am happy to report, as Bob Edsall observed in the "Noteworthy" blog earlier this week, that the U.S. House acted as expected, and the conversion factor will remain at its current level through the end of the year.
Assuming Congress intervenes again by the end of the year (a big assumption, I grant you) and the conversion factor for 2011 is no less than it is now, there is even more good news for family physicians in the 2011 Medicare physician fee schedule. At the current conversion factor and using the relative value units (RVUs) published in the final rule on the 2011 fee schedule, codes 99213 and 99214 (two of the CPT codes most commonly used by family physicians) will have Medicare allowances in 2011 that are 42 and 35 percent higher, respectively, than they were in 2006. The increase will be even larger for those family physicians that qualify for the Medicare primary care bonus that goes into effect next year.
How is that possible, especially when the current conversion factor is less than it was in 2006? The answer lies in the relative value units (RVUs) that are assigned to these codes. Physician work RVUs for these codes got a significant boost in 2007, as a result of the five-year review of the Medicare physician fee schedule, and they got another boost in 2010, when the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) decided to quit paying for consultation codes and redistributed the RVUs to other evaluation and management (E/M) codes, like 99213 and 99214. The practice expense RVUs and professional liability insurance RVUs have also gone up, thanks to methodology changes at CMS and the use of more current data.
Given the trials and tribulations to which the conversion factor has been subjected, it is easy to get discouraged about the state of Medicare payments, but it turns out that the reality is a little better than the perception for some of the codes family physicians use most often. Admittedly, the gains did not occur overnight, which is why it's easy to overlook them, but they are there. Or at least they will be, if Congress can continue to spare the conversion factor, like it did this week.
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