• Articles

    Peripheral Nerve Entrapment and Injury in the Upper Extremity

    Sabrina Silver, Christopher C. Ledford, Kendall J. Vogel, James J. Arnold

    Peripheral nerves in the upper extremities are at risk of injury and entrapment because of their superficial nature and length. Injury can result from trauma, anatomic abnormalities, systemic disease, and entrapment. Most peripheral nerve injuries seen by family physicians...

    Difficult-to-Treat and Severe Asthma: Management Strategies

    Krishnan Narasimhan

    In difficult-to-treat asthma, the disease is uncontrolled despite adherence to inhaled corticosteroid therapy in combination with a second controller, an oral corticosteroid is needed to achieve control, or it is uncontrolled despite oral corticosteroid therapy. Severe asthma...

    Initiating Hormonal Contraception

    Ruth Lesnewski

    Most patients can safely begin using hormonal contraception at any point during their menstrual cycle. A flexible, patient-centered approach to initiating contraception promotes health and enhances patients' reproductive autonomy. A recent Papanicolaou test is not necessary...


    Enhancing Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support in Clinical Practice

    Beulette Y. Hooks

    Diabetes mellitus is a complex and challenging disease requiring daily self-management decisions. I represented the American Academy of Family Physicians on the expert panel tasked with writing the Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes:...

    AFP Clinical Answers

    Antidepressants for Older People, Point-of-Care Ultrasonography, BRCA Testing, Probiotics

    What are the adverse events of antidepressants in adults 65 years and older with major depressive disorder? | What urgent medical conditions can be diagnosed by point-of-care ultrasonography? | Which women are recommended for breast cancer susceptibility 1 and 2 (<i>BRCA 1/2<...

    Cochrane for Clinicians

    Alcoholics Anonymous and Other 12-Step Facilitation Programs for Alcohol Use Disorder

    Elizabeth Salisbury-Afshar, Glenn Kauppila

    Are Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and similar 12-step facilitation programs as effective as other established treatments for helping people with alcohol problems achieve abstinence and/or reduce drinking intensity, alcohol-related consequences, and alcohol addiction severity?

    Structural MRI for the Early Diagnosis of Alzheimer Disease in Patients with MCI

    Erik Butler, Anne Mounsey

    Is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) accurate in the early diagnosis of Alzheimer disease in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI)?

    Curbside Consultation

    Caring for the Physician Affected by Substance Use Disorder

    Ruchi M. Fitzgerald

    A 34-year-old physician, H.M., is an established patient in my practice. H.M. presents for a follow-up visit after finishing inpatient treatment for opioid use disorder. Your patient shares that six weeks ago they were approached by their medical director to discuss concerns...

    Photo Quiz

    Erosions and Vesicles in a Febrile Infant

    Michael Kim, Andrew Gaillardetz

    A five-month-old child with a history of dry skin presented with a spreading rash that began two days earlier. The patient had one day of fever up to 103°F (39.4°C). The rash began on the patient's cheek and then spread over the trunk and extremities. The patient was feeding...

    FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

    Platelet-Rich Plasma vs. Corticosteroids for Refractory Plantar Fasciitis

    Brian Atkinson, Katherine Holland Walker, Sue Stigleman, Aaron Vaughan, Stephen Hulkower

    In patients with plantar fasciitis refractory to conservative therapies, do platelet-rich plasma injections improve pain and function compared with corticosteroid injections?

    Diagnostic Tests

    Serum Lactate Testing to Predict Mortality in Patients with Sepsis

    Kiana Espinosa, Steven R. Brown

    Serum lactate testing is increasingly being used to predict mortality in patients with sepsis.1 Elevated serum lactate levels are associated with increased mortality, and guidelines recommend using lactate measurement to guide management in these patients.2,3


    Bone Mineral Density Testing: One and Done

    Allen F. Shaughnessy

    Better Primary Care Continuity Is Associated with Lower Mortality Risk

    Henry C. Barry

    HPV Vaccine, Especially Before Age 17, Is Associated with a Large Reduction in Invasive Cervical Cancer

    Mark H. Ebell

    Low-Dose Edoxaban Effective for Stroke Prevention in Older Patients with Atrial Fibrillation

    Nita Shrikant Kulkarni

    Practice Guidelines

    Colonoscopy Follow-up: U.S. Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer Updates Recommendations

    Brian Ford

    Key Points for Practice

    Medicine by the Numbers

    Antiplatelet Agents for Preventing Early Recurrence of Ischemic Stroke or TIA

    Brit Long, Michael Gottlieb

    TIA = transient ischemic attack.

    Letters to the Editor

    Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Is Typically Not an Urgent Condition

    Long-term Benefits of Manipulation for Neck Pain

    An Osteopathic Approach to Neck Pain



    Incorrect statistics. In the article, “Breast Cancer Screening: Common Questions and Answers,” (January 1, 2021, p. 33), the figure listed for breast cancer deaths per number of women screened with mammography should have been per 10,000 women rather than per 100,000 women in...


    Incorrect Figure Legends. In the article, “Hip Pain in Adults: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis,” (January 15, 2021, p. 81), the legend for Figure 3B incorrectly listed abducts instead of adducts. It should have read: “Flexion adduction internal rotation test. The...


    Incorrect Unit of Measure. In the article, “Eating Disorders in Primary Care: Diagnosis and Management,” (January 1, 2021, p. 22), the second sentence of the Nutrition section (page 25) incorrectly added “per kg” to the number of daily required kcal for adolescent females and...


    All editors in a position to control content for this activity, AFP journal, are required to disclose any relevant financial relationships. View disclosures.

    Tag Legend


    FREE Free
    Alg Alg
    DDx DDx
    PtEd PtEd