• Articles

    The Preparticipation Physical Evaluation

    James MacDonald, Marie Schaefer, Justin Stumph

    The preparticipation physical evaluation (PPE) is a common primary care medical visit for young athletes. In 2019, the American Academy of Pediatrics published updated PPE recommendations. The general goals outlined in these guidelines include determining general physical and...

    In-flight Medical Emergencies

    Jocelyn S. Hu, Jordan K. Smith

    An aircraft in flight is a physically constrained and resource-limited environment. If a health care volunteer is requested, medical professionals should consider if they are in an appropriate condition to render aid, and then identify themselves to cabin crew, perform a...

    Urethritis: Rapid Evidence Review

    Jarrett Sell, Munima Nasir, Chloe Courchesne

    Urethritis is classified as gonococcal or nongonococcal in origin. The most common cause is Chlamydia trachomatis infection, and the most common signs and symptoms include dysuria, mucopurulent urethral discharge, urethral discomfort, and erythema. Diagnostic criteria include...


    Clinical Considerations in Caring for Transgender Athletes

    Janelle Marra, A. Mei Yun Law, Elizabeth Conlon

    Family physicians are in a unique position to care for transgender athletes, including providing preventive and gender-affirming care and addressing acute athletic injuries and chronic health concerns.1,2 Clinical considerations while caring for transgender patients become...

    AFP Clinical Answers

    Pulmonary Function Testing, Vulvovaginal Candidiasis, Breast Cancer, Fasting Lipid Levels

    When is full pulmonary function testing recommended? | How effective are probiotics for augmenting antifungal treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis? | Which patients should be offered medication to reduce the risk of breast cancer? | Are fasting lipid levels more predictive...

    Cochrane for Clinicians

    Ketogenic Diets for Drug-Resistant Epilepsy

    Carlton Covey

    Are ketogenic diets safe and effective at reducing seizure frequency in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy?

    Exercise for Dysmenorrhea

    Paul Seales, Sajeewane Seales, Garry Ho

    Is exercise a safe and effective treatment for primary dysmenorrhea?

    Photo Quiz

    Foot Lesions in a Rehabilitation Facility Resident

    Igor Melnychuk, Vasili Katsadouros

    A 69-year-old patient was referred to the wound care clinic from a rehabilitation facility for evaluation of gluteal skin ulcers. The patient had no fever or chills. The medical history included atrial fibrillation (without anticoagulation), uncontrolled type 2 diabetes...

    Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

    Nonopioid Pharmacologic Treatments for Chronic Pain

    Tyler J. Raymond, Kristen A. Tobin, Tyler S. Rogers

    What are the effects of nonopioid drugs on pain, function, and quality of life in patients with specific types of chronic pain, and what are the adverse events related to these drugs?

    Diagnostic Tests

    FM/a Blood Test for Diagnosis of Fibromyalgia

    Liza Straub, Anne Mounsey

    The FM/a Test is a blood test used for the diagnosis of fibromyalgia. It is available for use in patients of any age who have at least four of the typical symptoms of fibromyalgia.1

    FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

    Positional Therapies for Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Bryan Wu, Jon O. Neher, Sarah Safranek

    Are positional therapies an effective method of treating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)?

    Curbside Consultation

    Identifying and Addressing Vicarious Trauma

    Anita Ravi, Jessica Gorelick, Harika Pal

    A 35-year-old patient, J.P., presented to my office with difficulty sleeping and anxiety about job performance. J.P. is a lawyer who started a position six months ago to assist unaccompanied minors seeking asylum. The patient has been feeling more anxious recently and worries...

    Practice Guidelines

    Eosinophilic Esophagitis: Management Guidelines from the AGA and JTF

    Michael J. Arnold

    Key Points for Practice

    Medicine by the Numbers

    Ibuprofen vs. Acetaminophen for Fever or Pain in Children Younger Than Two Years

    Brit Long, Michael Gottlieb

    Study Population: 241,138 patients younger than two years from 18 studies who received acetaminophen or ibuprofen for fever or pain

    Information from Your Family Doctor


    Urethritis (YOO-ree-THRI-tus) is an inflammation of the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis, then out of the body (see drawing).


    All editors in a position to control content for this activity, AFP journal, are required to disclose any relevant financial relationships. View disclosures.

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