ERIKA L. RAGER, EDWARD P. BRIDGEFORD, DAVID W. OLLILA
Survival is influenced strongly by the stage at diagnosis, making selective screeningfor melanoma important, especially in persons with more than one risk factor.The best evidence supports preventing intermittent sunburn in childhood andpracticing sun avoidance. Patients with...
DANIEL J. WATTENDORF, MAXIMILIAN MUENKE
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are caused by the effects of maternalalcohol consumption during pregnancy. Fetal alcohol syndrome is a specific,clinically identifiable disorder characterized by a pattern of minor facial anomalies,prenatal and postnatal growth retardation,...
MONTE C. UYEMURA
Physicians must be alert for a variety of symptoms of foreign body ingestion.Many ingested foreign bodies pass spontaneously, but serious complications,such as bowel perforation and obstruction, can occur.
DANIEL L. DEPIETROPAOLO, JOHN H. POWERS, JAMES M. GILL, ANDREW J. FOY
The use of serologic testing in the diagnosis of Lyme disease varies dependingon the stage and the probability of Lyme disease based on endemicity and clinicalfindings.
JOYCE A. MERRIMAN
Summer is a good time to remind patients of the dangers of overexposure to the sun. As you know, skin cancer is the most common malignancy in the United States, and many Americans do not take the necessary precautions. Although melanoma is a relatively small subset of all...
AMA, AAFP Act to Protect Patients’ Access to Prescriptions | AHRQ Releases Updated <i>Guide to Clinical Preventive Services</i> | HHS Awards $80.5 Million in Grants to Reduce Infant Mortality Rates | Residents Say Duty-Hour Limit Improves Patient Care, Reduces Errors | CMS...
AMBER HUNTZINGER, LAURA COUGHLIN
Could asking teens to pledge sexual abstinence do more harm than good? Research shows that teens who pledge abstinence are just as likely to contract a sexually transmitted disease (STD) as those who don’t. Authors of a study published in the Journal of Adolescent Health...
Ten years ago, a coalition of public and private organizations initiated a public education campaign to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The “Back to Sleep” campaign encouraged parents and caregivers to place infants on their backs to sleep to reduce...
Federally funded health centers and the National Health Service Corps (NHSC) depend on family physicians (FPs) and general practitioners (GPs) to meet the needs of millions of medically underserved people. Policy makers and workforce planners should consider how changes in...
How do medical errors happen? In a crowded emergency department, I quickly tell an intern about a patient: “Miguel is a 45-year-old man with debilitating coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure. I sent him here this morning because his wife is leaving him and now...
This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on hormone therapy for the prevention of chronic conditions in post-menopausal women and the supporting scientific evidence and updates the Task Force’s 2002 recommendations on hormone...
RAMEY WILSON, ALEX G. TRUESDELL, TODD C. VILLINES
Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.
Colesevelam lowers LDL cholesterol levels a small amount (7 to 16 percent) when used alone and provides additional cholesterol lowering when added to statin therapy. It has a slightly beneficial effect on HDL cholesterol levels, has no effect on triglyceride levels, and is...
ALLEN F. SHAUGHNESSY
KARL E. MILLER
A review of interventions to improve influenza, pneumococcal polysaccharide, and hepatitis B vaccination coverage among high-risk adults younger than 65 years has been issued by the Task Force on Community Preventive Services of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ...
LAURA COUGHLIN, AMBER HUNTZINGER
Inadequate sleep has become a widespread problem for adolescents. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a technical report on the causes and consequences of adolescent sleepiness.
LAURA COUGHLIN, AMBER HUNTZINGER
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently issued statistics on the percentage of persons younger than 65 years without health insurance in the United States.
Brandon Wills, Trevonne Thompson, Steve Aks
KENNETH S. FINK
Children can swallow small objects in an instant. Usually, the object will pass through the gut without causing any problems. Sometimes things get stuck and cause serious problems.
Lyme disease is an infection caused by bacteria (germs). The bacteria that cause Lyme disease are carried by deer ticks and western blacklegged ticks. The disease can be passed to animals and people through tick bites. These ticks are about the size of a sesame seed.
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