TIMOTHY L. SWITAJ, KELLY J. WINTER, SCOTT R. CHRISTENSEN
The most common causes of foodborne illness in the United States are viruses, such as norovirus; bacteria, such as Salmonella, Escherichia coli, Campylobacter, and Listeria; and parasites, such as Toxoplasma gondii and Giardia. Diagnosis and management of a foodborne illness...
MARK H. MIRABELLI, MATHEW J. DEVINE, JASKARAN SINGH, MICHAEL MENDOZA
Although studies have not found that the preparticipation physical evaluation prevents morbidity and mortality associated with sports, it may detect conditions that predispose the athlete to injury or illness and can provide strategies to prevent injuries. The physical...
MARK H. EBELL, ROLAND GRAD
Primary care clinicians have selected the top 20 research studies from 2014 based on relevancy, validity, and likelihood to change practice. The studies, known as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters), cover topics ranging from respiratory, musculoskeletal, and...
Study Shows Primary Care Relationship Reduces ED Visits and Hospitalizations | Task Force Targets Opioid Abuse | Insurance Mergers May Reduce Choice, Raise Costs, AAFP Warns Regulators | Groups Call for Results from All Clinical Trials
SANJAY SHARMA, LYNNE MILLAR
Deaths among several high-profile athletes have caused increased public awareness and anxiety about the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in sports.1 The prevalence of a potentially fatal cardiac abnormality in a young person is as high as one in 300.2 The American Heart...
RON WEXLER, N.A. MARK ESTES, III
Screening athletes for cardiovascular disease and restricting athletic competition in those deemed at risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) remain controversial. Several countries, including Italy and Israel, require cardiac screening with electrocardiography (ECG) in athletes.1...
NATHAN HITZEMAN, AARON KINNEY
Among infants younger than 12 months diagnosed with GERD, weak evidence supports the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and histamine H2 antagonists. Among children 12 months and older, studies have shown moderate benefit from PPIs and weak benefit from H2 antagonists for...
MEGHAN F. RALEIGH, KATHRYN K. GARNER
TCAs, specifically desipramine and nortriptyline (Pamelor), are superior to placebo at reducing ADHD symptoms in the short term (two to six weeks); however, the quality of evidence is low. Increased heart rate and diastolic blood pressure may be noted with treatment.
EMILY K. SNODGRASS
A man presented with a rash and fever a few days after using a hot tub.
DIMMY SOKHAL, CONNIE KRAUS
Metformin, pioglitazone (Actos), and rosiglitazone (Avandia) can be used to improve menstrual cycling in women with PCOS.
ANDREW SMITH, ERIN BASSETT-NOVOA
Pregnancy carries concrete and immediate risks that need to be addressed and managed in a timely fashion. Patients who initiate prenatal care late in pregnancy tend to present with a challenging variety of concerns, encompassing the full range of their medical, psychosocial,...
MARK H. EBELL
This study provides more evidence that bridging in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation does not improve outcomes, and is actually associated with a higher risk of bleeding complications and cardiovascular events.
The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) and Canadian Thoracic Society (CTS) have released a guideline with suggestions and recommendations for preventing COPD exacerbations based on available evidence.
DEAN A. SEEHUSEN, DANIEL RUNDE
Studies show that none were helped and the impact of harms such as decreased oxygen saturation and tachycardia was uncertain.
BICH-MAY NGUYEN, GREGORY BOUNDS
Food poisoning happens after someone eats food that has germs or viruses in it.
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