• Articles

    Hyperthyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment

    IGOR KRAVETS

    The most common causes of overactive thyroid are Graves disease, toxic multinodular goiter, and toxic adenoma. Typical manifestations include adrenergic symptoms, such as palpitations, tremor, and diaphoresis. Cardiovascular, neuromuscular, ocular, and cutaneous symptoms may...

    Aortic Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment

    BRIAN H. GRIMARD, ROBERT E. SAFFORD, ELIZABETH L. BURNS

    The cardinal symptoms of aortic stenosis include dyspnea and other symptoms of heart failure, angina, and syncope. Aortic valve replacement is recommended for most symptomatic patients with evidence of significant aortic stenosis on echocardiography. Watchful waiting is...

    Chronic Pelvic Pain in Women

    LINDA M. SPEER, SAUDIA MUSHKBAR, TARA ERBELE

    Chronic pelvic pain is defined as persistent, noncyclic pain lasting more than six months. Often no specific etiology can be identified. It is typically associated with other functional somatic syndromes and mental health disorders. Diagnosis is based on findings from the...

    AAFP News: AFP Edition

    AAFP News: AFP Edition

    Research Shows Complexity of Primary Care | AAFP Urges Changes in Chronic Care Policy | Report: PCMH Model Shows Steady Progress | AAFP Urges CMS to Bolster Network Standards on Federal Exchanges

    Editorials

    Human-Animal Health Interactions: The Role of One Health

    MICHAEL J. DAY

    The underlying principle of the One Health initiative is that physicians and veterinarians should work collaboratively for optimal global human and animal health. Such collaboration crosses medical, scientific, and sociopolitical subdisciplines, and thus creates more...

    Cochrane for Clinicians

    The Impact of Contraception on Lactation

    DREW C. BAIRD

    Use of hormonal contraception does not appear to shorten breastfeeding duration or negatively impact infant growth, based on inconsistent evidence of moderate quality. It is unclear if hormonal contraception negatively impacts breast milk volume or composition. Overall, there...

    Influenza Vaccination for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease

    MELANIE RAFFOUL, KENNETH W. LIN

    Influenza vaccination may reduce cardiovascular mortality in patients with established cardiovascular disease. The effect of vaccination is unclear among patients in the general population without known cardiovascular disease.

    Curbside Consultation

    When Physician Family Members Are Involved in Patients' Care

    ANJALI CHANDRA, PARAG BHARADWAJ, KATHERINE T. WARD

    It is not unusual for physicians to care for patients who have physician family members. This can be advantageous for patients, their families, and the clinical team because physician family members often better understand the clinical situation, its severity, and the...

    Photo Quiz

    An Annular Lesion on the Elbow

    ALEXANDER K.C. LEUNG, BENJAMIN BARANKIN

    A woman presented with a fleshy-erythematous eruption with an annular configuration on her elbow.

    Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

    Transitional Care Interventions to Prevent Readmissions for Patients with Heart Failure

    JANELLE GUIRGUIS-BLAKE

    Home visiting programs and multidisciplinary clinic interventions for adult patients with heart failure reduced all-cause readmissions and mortality over three to six months. Structured telephone support reduced heart failure–specific readmissions and mortality over three to...

    POEMs

    In Patients with Type 2 Diabetes and CV Disease, Empagliflozin Reduces CV and All-Cause Mortality

    MARK H. EBELL

    In patients with established CV disease and type 2 diabetes, the addition of empagliflozin to standard therapy reduces all-cause mortality and CV mortality. This is notable because empagliflozin is the only drug other than metformin to demonstrate a mortality benefit, albeit...

    No Difference Between Oxycodone/Acetaminophen and Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen for Acute Extremity Pain

    DAVID SLAWSON

    This study found no significant difference in the management of acute musculoskeletal extremity pain, including fractures, with oxycodone/acetaminophen vs. hydrocodone/acetaminophen. Adverse events, including nausea and dizziness, occurred significantly more often with...

    Practice Guidelines

    ACCP Provides Updated Recommendations on the Management of Somatic Cough Syndrome and Tic Cough

    JENNIFER WILKES

    A cough that has no medical diagnosis and does not respond to treatment is sometimes labeled as psychogenic cough, habit cough, or tic cough. These disorders should be distinguished from other forms of chronic cough, but there is little consistency or evidence on how to best...

    Medicine by the Numbers

    Controlled Cord Traction During the Third Stage of Labor

    EMILY M. CULLINEY, PAMELA M. WILLIAMS

    The overall risk-to-benefit ratio of controlled cord traction is unclear. Find out more.

    Information from Your Family Doctor

    Overactive Thyroid Gland (Hyperthyroidism)

    The thyroid (THI-royd) gland is an organ in the lower front part of your neck. The gland makes thyroid hormones, which help control your body's use of energy, its temperature, and how your organs work.

    Aortic Stenosis: What You Should Know

    It is the narrowing of the aortic valve, a doorway-like opening in your heart that allows the blood to flow from your heart to other parts of your body. This narrowing (called stenosis) makes your heart work harder to pump blood. Aortic stenosis may get worse over time.



    Disclosure

    All editors in a position to control content for this activity, AFP journal, are required to disclose any relevant financial relationships. View disclosures.


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