BRADFORD T. WINSLOW, MARY ONYSKO, MELANIE HEBERT
Although excessive alcohol use is the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States, many patients do not receive treatment. Options include behavioral interventions and medications. Acamprosate, disulfiram, and naltrexone are the three medications approved...
MICHAEL M. BRAUN, ERIKA A. OVERBEEK-WAGER, ROBERT J. GRUMBO
Endometrial cancer is a common gynecologic malignancy that most often occurs in women older than 50 years. Postmenopausal bleeding, as well as abnormal uterine bleeding in premenopausal patients, can be a sign of the disease. Associated risk factors include unopposed estrogen...
The diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome is based on typical clinical features, with confirmation of heavy proteinuria and hypoalbuminemia. Secondary causes should be ruled out. Although there is a lack of evidence-based guidelines, treatment consisting of sodium restriction,...
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What should physicians tell their patients about eating meat?
Anxiety and fear surrounding a clinical diagnosis like Bell palsy can lead to requests for increased testing or frequent patient encounters.
KRISTIN BOND, NATALIE NUNES
Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes may be more effective than placebo devices for smoking cessation. They may also aid in smoking reduction, but the quality of available evidence is low. Little is known about their safety.
RICHARD L. NELSON
What are the effects of surgical treatments for chronic anal fissure?
The USPSTF recommends screening for major depressive disorder (MDD) in adolescents aged 12 to 18 years. Screening should be implemented with adequate systems in place to ensure accurate diagnosis, effective treatment, and appropriate follow-up.
QUYEN NGO-METZGER, JASON BLITZ
A 55-year-old black man presents for a blood pressure evaluation. He is trying to be more physically active and health conscious but has not seen a physician for five years. He takes no medications, has no concerns, and his physical examination findings are unremarkable....
JEFFREY WALDEN, MELANIE MARSH
A man presented with generalized pruritus and an erythematous rash on his trunk and extremities. He also had neurologic difficulties.
MARK H. EBELL
Preexposure prophylaxis in high-risk men who have unprotected anal intercourse reduces the likelihood of developing HIV (number needed to treat = 17 per year). Participants averaged 15 pills per month, which costs approximately $700 per month ($8,400 per year). Condoms would...
MARK H. EBELL
• Diets should include nutrient-dense foods in all food groups and in the proper amounts.
The American Academy of Pediatrics has published a report to provide an update on diagnosing and managing infantile hemangiomas.
MICHAEL D. GEURIN
DANIEL J. SHERWOOD
People with this disorder drink too much alcohol. Drinking too much can hurt your liver and cause bleeding inside your body. You might also have balance problems, confusion, and memory problems. If you drink a lot and then suddenly stop, you can go through withdrawal....
It is cancer in the lining of the uterus (womb). It is the fourth most common cancer in women. About 50,000 new cases are diagnosed every year in the United States.
Your kidneys filter out toxins and clean waste from your blood. If you have nephrotic (nef-RAH-tik) syndrome, or NS for short, your kidneys can't do this right.
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