• Articles

    Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults

    MICHAEL SEMELKA, JONATHAN WILSON, RYAN FLOYD

    Obstructive sleep apnea is disrupted breathing during sleep caused by a narrowing of the respiratory passages. The prevalence is higher in men, in persons older than 60 years, and in persons who are obese. Several health conditions are associated with obstructive sleep apnea,...

    Update on Office-Based Strategies for the Management of Obesity

    MICHAEL ERLANDSON, LAURIE C. IVEY, KATIE SEIKEL

    Obesity is associated with numerous medical problems, such as cardiovascular disease, pulmonary disease, and diabetes mellitus. Dietary strategies emphasizing reduced caloric intake are important for weight loss. Behavioral interventions such as motivational interviewing and...

    Complementary/Integrative Therapies That Work: A Review of the Evidence

    BENJAMIN KLIGLER, RAYMOND TEETS, MELISSA QUICK

    Acupuncture is effective in the management of chronic low back pain. Mind-body interventions such as cognitive behavior therapy, yoga, tai chi, qi gong, and music therapy may be helpful for treating insomnia. Exercise can reduce anxiety symptoms. Herbal preparations and...

    AAFP News: AFP Edition

    AAFP News: AFP Edition

    Applications Due Soon for CPC+ Initiative | AAFP Fights Proposed Reporting Rules for Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder | Medical Groups Warn Lawmakers Not to Stall Progress on Anti-Tobacco Front | AAFP Survey Shows That Men Feel Healthier, but Work Remains

    Editorials

    Family Physicians Are Well Suited to Prescribe Isotretinoin

    NATHAN HITZEMAN

    A few minutes (and a few clicks on the computer) can open up rewarding therapeutic opportunities when registering with iPledge to prescribe isotretinoin.

    Graham Center Policy One-Pagers

    Family Medicine: An Underutilized Resource in Addressing the Opioid Epidemic?

    JACOB CROTHERS, STEPHEN PETTERSON, ANDREW BAZEMORE, PETER WINGROVE

    Opioid overdose rates have tripled since 2000, and although overprescribing of opioids by physicians is widely accepted as a causal factor, the physician's role in providing medication-assisted treatment for opioid use disorder is less appreciated. Despite a clear willingness...

    Cochrane for Clinicians

    Second-Generation H1-Antihistamines for Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria

    AARON SAGUIL, MICHAEL MERCADO

    There is good evidence that second-generation H1-antihistamines are helpful in the short- and intermediate-term suppression of urticaria. Cetirizine (Zyrtec) in a dosage of 10 mg daily is effective at completely suppressing symptoms of chronic spontaneous urticaria (number...

    Photo Quiz

    Nontender Elbow Nodules

    SCOTT CORDTS

    A woman presented with long-standing pain and stiffness in multiple joints. She had tenderness of metacarpophalangeal joints and nodules over the extensor surfaces of her elbows.

    FPIN's Help Desk Answers

    Alternatives to Metformin for Patients with PCOS

    KAREN G. BUCHER, SCOTT A. WILTZ

    Compared with placebo, thiazolidinediones (TZDs) decrease systolic blood pressure and fasting blood glucose and insulin levels while improving menstrual irregularities in women with PCOS. Metformin and TZDs have similar effects on pregnancy rates, ovulation, and menstrual...

    POEMs

    CBT Effective in Adolescents with Depression Who Do Not Want Medication

    ALLEN F. SHAUGHNESSY

    In adolescents who eschew drug treatment of major depression, short-term CBT is more effective than treatment as usual in inducing recovery, with a number needed to treat of 4 to 10. CBT also produced faster results.

    Flibanserin Ineffective for Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Women

    ALLEN F. SHAUGHNESSY

    Newer Sulfonylureas Not Associated with Increased Mortality, MIs, or Strokes

    HENRY C. BARRY

    In multiple randomized trials, the long-term use of second- or third-generation sulfonylureas in patients with type 2 diabetes is not associated with more deaths, myocardial infarctions (MIs), or strokes. The included trials tended not to report other safety data.

    Inhaled Fluticasone/Salmeterol Better Than Fluticasone Alone for Moderate to Severe Asthma

    MARK H. EBELL

    Practice Guidelines

    CDC Releases Updated Guidelines for Postexposure Prophylaxis After Sexual, Injection Drug, or Other Nonoccupational Exposures to HIV

    RONALD H. GOLDSCHMIDT

    Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) with anti-retroviral drugs to prevent transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) following sexual or injection drug use exposures (nonoccupational PEP or nPEP) is an essential intervention requiring a timely response. Updated guidelines...

    Medicine by the Numbers

    Perioperative Beta Blockers

    RORY SPIEGEL

    Studies show that 1 in 72 patients had a nonfatal myocardial infarction prevents while harm end points included nonfatal stroke, hypotension, and bradycardia. Find out more.

    Information from Your Family Doctor

    How to Recognize OSA and What It Means for Your Health

    OSA is a common disorder that causes people to temporarily stop or decrease breathing repeatedly during sleep. It affects up to 14% of people.

    Weight Loss: Practical Tips

    People become overweight for many reasons. Weight issues can run in families. They can be caused by unhealthy behaviors and a person's environment. Certain health problems and medicines can also lead to weight gain.

    Corrections

    Correction



    Disclosure

    All editors in a position to control content for this activity, AFP journal, are required to disclose any relevant financial relationships. View disclosures.


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