• Articles

    Complications of HIV Infection: A Systems-Based Approach

    CAROLYN CHU, PETER A. SELWYN

    Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection may experience various complications, including neurologic, cardiopulmonary, and gastrointestinal disorders. Primary care physicians should be prepared to manage chronic HIVrelated complications, monitor...

    Diagnosis and Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in Children

    BRETT WHITE

    The clinical presentation of a urinary tract infection depends on the child's age. All febrile children two to 24 months of age with no obvious cause of infection should be evaluated for urinary tract infection, although evaluation in older children is based on symptoms....

    Adhesive Capsulitis: A Review

    ANTHONY EWALD

    The diagnosis of adhesive capsulitis is usually clinical, but imaging can be helpful to rule out other conditions. Most patients will recover without surgery, but the condition can sometimes last one to two years. The best initial treatment depends on the severity of the...

    Primary Care for Refugees

    BARBARA ECKSTEIN

    Refugees present to primary care physicians with a variety of health issues, including pain, mental and social health problems, infectious diseases, and long-standing undiagnosed chronic illnesses. Obstacles to caring for these patients include language barriers, cross...

    Clarification

    The online version of the article, “Contraception Choices in Women with Underlying Medical Conditions,” (September 15, 2010, page 621) has been updated to clarify that it reviews hormonal contraceptives only. In addition, the contraceptive norethindrone (Micronor) has been...

    AAFP News Now: AFP Edition

    AAFP News Now: AFP Edition

    AAFP Urges Congress Not to Pass Total Repeal of Health Care Reform Law | COGME Report to Congress Emphasizes Importance of Primary Care Physicians | AAFP Requests That CMS' New “Physician Compare” Site Stay Current, Accurate | Infectious Diseases Society Releases Guidelines...

    Editorials

    Challenges of Improving Adherence to HIV Therapy

    MICHAEL THOMPSON

    The availability of effective antiretroviral medications has greatly improved the clinical management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Current clinical guidelines provide evidence-based approaches that, when used properly, can assist in maximizing efforts to...

    U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

    Using Nontraditional Risk Factors in Coronary Heart Disease Risk Assessment: Recommendation Statement

    The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of using the nontraditional risk factors discussed in this statement to screen asymptomatic men and women with no history of...

    Putting Prevention Into Practice

    Using Nontraditional Risk Factors in Coronary Heart Disease Risk Assessment

    KENNETH W. LIN, SHAWN M.S. GARCIA

    Case study: A 47-year-old man with no history of coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes mellitus, or any CHD risk equivalent asks about smoking cessation therapies. His past laboratory results include a total cholesterol level of 230 mg per dL (5.96 mmol per L) and a high...

    Photo Quiz

    Precocious Puberty in an Eight-Year-Old Girl

    IURE CEZAR CARDOSO, MARTA M.V. ARAUJO

    Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

    Clinical Evidence Handbook

    Epilepsy (Generalized and Partial)

    MELISSA MAGUIRE, ANTHONY MARSON, SRIDHARAN RAMARATNAM

    What are the effects of monotherapy in generalized epilepsy (tonic-clonic type)? What are the effects of additional treatments in persons with drug-resistant generalized epilepsy?

    FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

    Treatment of Hyperhidrosis

    JOHN WOODROW SAENZ, RICHARD W. SAMS, II, BARBARA JAMIESON

    OnabotulinumtoxinA injections (Botox; formerly botulinum toxin type A) are effective for the treatment of primary axillary and palmar hyperhidrosis.

    STEPS

    Guanfacine (Intuniv) for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

    ALLISON BERNKNOPF

    Guanfacine is an effective short-term treatment option for ADHD in children six to 12 years of age. Sedation is a marked problem in many children. Patients should take the medication daily to avoid adverse effects that occur with abrupt discontinuation or when the guanfacine...

    Practice Guidelines

    AAN Releases Guideline on Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Diagnosing Acute Ischemic Stroke

    LISA GRAHAM

    Computed tomography (CT) is the diagnostic standard for acute stroke even though its accuracy has not been formally established. Its sensitivity for diagnosing ischemic stroke in the initial hours is limited; therefore, improved accuracy is needed to develop and provide...

    Letters to the Editor

    Individualized Approach to Screening Patients for STIs

    Running and Osteoarthritis of the Hip: Is There an Association?

    JAMES LISZEWSKI

    Sexual Violence as a Contributor to Acute Pelvic Pain in Women

    Information from Your Family Doctor

    UTIs in Children: What to Expect

    A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is an infection of the urinary tract, which includes the kidneys, bladder, and urethra (the tube that carries urine out of your body). UTIs are more common in girls than in boys. They are usually caused by germs that live in the intestines.

    Adhesive Capsulitis

    Adhesive capsulitis (CAP-soo-LITE-us), or “frozen shoulder,” happens when the ligaments in the shoulder get thickened, inflamed, and scarred. This makes the shoulder painful and stiff. The symptoms usually get worse over time. Reaching away, over your head, and behind your...

    Allergic Conjunctivitis

    A clear, thin lining covers your eyeball and the inside of your eyelids. If something irritates this lining, your eyes may become red and swollen. Your eyes also may itch, hurt, or water. This is called conjunctivitis. It is also known as pink eye.

    Hay Fever

    Hay fever, also known as seasonal allergic rhinitis (say: rine-EYE-tis), is a reaction to pollen. Sometimes symptoms are caused by molds or flakes of animal skin from pets. If pollen is the cause, you will feel worse when pollen levels are high.

    Dust Mites

    Dust mites are tiny bugs that live off of pet and human skin cells. They are smaller than the period at the end of this sentence. Their waste is a major trigger of allergies and asthma. Symptoms of dust mite allergy include sneezing; runny nose; and stuffy, itchy nose. If you...

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    Disclosure

    All editors in a position to control content for this activity, AFP journal, are required to disclose any relevant financial relationships. View disclosures.


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