• AFP by Topic

    Diabetes: Type 2

    This collection features the best content from AFP, as identified by the AFP editors, on type 2 diabetes and related issues, including blood glucose levels, diabetic complications (such as ketoacidosis and neuropathy), glycemic control, insulin management, and gestational diabetes. New research may affect the interpretation and application of this material. Clinical judgment is advised. Note that AFP content published within the past two years is accessible to AAFP members and paid subscribers only.
    Categories
    Screening and Diagnosis
    Jan 15, 2022 Screening for Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]   FREE
    Jan 15, 2022 Screening for Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [Putting Prevention Into Practice]   CME
    Dec 15, 2021 Prediabetes Diagnosis: Helpful or Harmful? [Lown Right Care]   CME
    Mar 01, 2020 IDx-DR for Diabetic Retinopathy Screening [Diagnostic Tests]
    Jun 15, 2016 Screening for Abnormal Blood Glucose and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [Putting Prevention Into Practice]
    Jan 15, 2016 Diabetes Mellitus: Screening and Diagnosis
    Jan 15, 2016 Screening for Abnormal Blood Glucose and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
    Dec 01, 2014 Screening for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
    Apr 01, 2010 Diabetes Mellitus: Diagnosis and Screening
    Nov 15, 2009 Screening for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Adults [Putting Prevention Into Practice]
    Jul 15, 2009 Screening for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus [Putting Prevention Into Practice]
    Jul 01, 2006 A1C Testing in the Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
    Editorials and Letters
    Jan 15, 2022 Determining When to Recommend Glucose-Lowering Drugs That Reduce Cardiovascular Risk [Editorials]   FREE
    Mar 01, 2021 Enhancing Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support in Clinical Practice [Editorials]   FREE
    Jun 01, 2020 Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Type 2 Diabetes Is Not Ready for Widespread Adoption [Editorials]   FREE
    Apr 01, 2019 Understanding the High Cost of Insulin: What Family Physicians Can Do to Help Our Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [Editorials]
    Jul 01, 2015 Type 2 Diabetes: Updated Evidence Requires Updated Decision Making [Editorials]
    Sep 15, 2014 Rosiglitazone, Medical Reversal, and Back to Basics for Diabetes [Editorials]
    Feb 15, 2014 “Lending a Hand” to Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Simple Way to Communicate Treatment Goals [Editorials]
    Sep 01, 2009 Type 2 Diabetes: Separating Proven from Unproven Interventions [Editorials]
    Jan 15, 2005 When Should Pregnant Women with Diabetes Receive Insulin? [Letters to the Editor]
    Oct 15, 2003 Strategies to Improve Diabetes Care [Editorials]
    Complications and Special Situations
    Feb 15, 2022 Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young: Rapid Evidence Review   CME   Alg   PtEd
    Oct 15, 2021 Diabetes-Related Foot Infections: Diagnosis and Treatment   CME   PtEd
    Jun 01, 2021 Chronic Kidney Disease in Diabetes: Guidelines from KDIGO [Practice Guidelines]   CME
    Jun 01, 2021 Preoperative A1C Threshold in Patients with Diabetes [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
    Jun 15, 2019 Diabetic Kidney Disease: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention   DDx   PtEd
    Nov 01, 2018 Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Children   PtEd
    Dec 01, 2017 Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic State   Alg
    Dec 15, 2016 Diabetes Mellitus: Management of Gastrointestinal Complications   Alg
    Nov 15, 2016 Society for Vascular Surgery Releases Guideline on Managing the Diabetic Foot [Practice Guidelines]
    Aug 01, 2016 Treating Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy: An Update   Alg   PtEd
    May 01, 2016 Alpha-Lipoic Acid for Treatment of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]
    Apr 01, 2015 Screening, Diagnosis, and Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus   Alg
    Sep 15, 2014 ACOG Releases Guideline on Gestational Diabetes [Practice Guidelines]
    Nov 15, 2013 AAP Releases Guideline on Managing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Patients 10 to 18 Years of Age [Practice Guidelines]
    Aug 01, 2013 Diabetic Foot Infections   Alg   PtEd
    Apr 15, 2013 Metformin Use in Adolescents [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
    Mar 01, 2013 Diabetic Ketoacidosis: Evaluation and Treatment   Alg   DDx   PtEd
    Mar 15, 2011 Diabetic Nephropathy: Preventing Progression [Clinical Evidence Handbook]
    Jul 15, 2010 Treating Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathic Pain   Alg   PtEd
    May 01, 2010 Glucose Control in Hospitalized Patients
    Oct 15, 2009 Diabetes: Foot Ulcers and Amputations [Clinical Evidence Handbook]
    Jul 01, 2009 Diagnosis and Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus   PtEd
    Jul 01, 2008 Diabetic Foot Infection   Alg   PtEd
    Jun 15, 2008 Gastrointestinal Complications of Diabetes   Alg   PtEd
    Aug 01, 2007 Angiotensin Blockade in Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
    Jul 01, 2006 Antihypertensive Agents for Prevention of Diabetic Nephropathy [Cochrane for Clinicians]
    Jul 01, 2005 Diabetic Nephropathy: Common Questions   PtEd
    Jun 01, 2005 Evaluation and Prevention of Diabetic Neuropathy   PtEd
    May 01, 2005 Diabetic Ketoacidosis   Alg   PtEd
    May 01, 2005 Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic State   Alg
    Jan 01, 2003 Perioperative Management of Diabetes
    Treatment
    Jun 15, 2022 SGLT-2 Inhibitors and GLP-1 Receptor Agonists in Type 2 Diabetes: BMJ Rapid Recommendation [Practice Guidelines]   CME   Alg
    Apr 15, 2022 Patient Education Interventions Improve A1C Values [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
    Mar 15, 2022 Telemedicine in Diabetes Care   CME   Alg
    Jun 01, 2021 Flash Continuous Glucose Monitoring (FreeStyle Libre 14-Day System) for Self-Management of Diabetes Mellitus [Diagnostic Tests]
    Feb 15, 2019 Type 2 Diabetes Therapies: A STEPS Approach
    Dec 01, 2018 Preventing or Delaying Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with Diet and Exercise [Cochrane for Clinicians]
    Nov 01, 2018 Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: ACP Releases Updated Guidance Statement on A1C Targets for Pharmacologic Glycemic Control
    Aug 01, 2018 Diabetes: ADA Releases Revised Position Statement on Standards of Medical Care [Practice Guidelines]
    Feb 15, 2018 Diabetes Education and Glycemic Control [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
    Jan 01, 2018 Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Outpatient Insulin Management   Alg   Tool
    Nov 15, 2017 Glucose Management in Hospitalized Patients   Alg
    Oct 01, 2017 Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: ACP Releases Updated Recommendations for Oral Pharmacologic Treatment [Practice Guidelines]   Tool
    Sep 15, 2017 Diabetes Self-Management: Facilitating Lifestyle Change   PtEd
    Jan 01, 2017 ADA Updates Standards of Medical Care for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus [Practice Guidelines]
    Aug 01, 2016 Treating Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy: An Update   Alg   PtEd
    Feb 01, 2016 Preventing CVD in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Update from the AHA and ADA [Practice Guidelines]
    Jul 01, 2015 Management of Blood Glucose with Noninsulin Therapies in Type 2 Diabetes   Alg   PtEd
    Jun 01, 2015 Tight Glycemic Control for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (Over Five Years) [Medicine by the Numbers]
    May 15, 2014 Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes (Drug Treatments) [Clinical Evidence Handbook]
    Apr 15, 2013 Diabetes: Treating Hypertension [Clinical Evidence Handbook]
    Jan 15, 2013 ACP Updates Guideline on Oral Pharmacologic Treatments for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [Practice Guidelines]
    May 01, 2012 Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Not Using Insulin [Cochrane for Clinicians]
    Mar 15, 2012 Medications for Weight Loss in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
    Mar 01, 2012 ADA Releases Revisions to Recommendations for Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes [Practice Guidelines]
    Nov 01, 2011 ACP Releases Guideline on Intensive Insulin Therapy in Hospitalized Patients [Practice Guidelines]
    Jul 15, 2011 Insulin Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Jul 15, 2010 ADA Releases Updated Recommendations on Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes [Practice Guidelines]
    Jul 15, 2010 Treating Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathic Pain   Alg   PtEd
    May 01, 2010 Glucose Control in Hospitalized Patients
    May 01, 2010 Glycemic Control in Hospitalized Patients Not in Intensive Care: Beyond Sliding-Scale Insulin
    Nov 15, 2009 Joint Guideline on Intensive Glycemic Control and the Prevention of Cardiovascular Events [Practice Guidelines]
    Nov 01, 2009 Low Glycemic Index Diets for the Management of Diabetes [Cochrane Briefs]
    Jan 01, 2009 Management of Blood Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus   Alg   PtEd   Tool
    Dec 01, 2008 Pharmacologic Management of Hypertension in Patients with Diabetes   Alg   Tool
    Jan 01, 2008 Choosing First-Line Therapy for Management of Type 2 Diabetes [AFP Journal Club]
    Sep 01, 2007 Management of Type 2 Diabetes in Youth: An Update   PtEd
    Jul 15, 2007 Home Monitoring of Glucose and Blood Pressure   PtEd
    Apr 01, 2007 Glycemic Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
    Feb 01, 2007 The Role of Exercise in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes [Cochrane for Clinicians]
    Aug 15, 2004 ACP Releases Guideline on Lipid Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [Practice Guidelines]
    Jan 15, 2004 Facilitating Treatment Adherence with Lifestyle Changes in Diabetes   PtEd

    Specific Therapies

    Jul 15, 2019 Semaglutide (Ozempic) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [STEPS]
    Apr 01, 2018 DPP-4 Inhibitors and GLP-1 Receptor Agonists for Prevention or Delay of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Associated Complications [Cochrane for Clinicians]
    Oct 15, 2017 Dulaglutide (Trulicity) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [STEPS]
    Aug 15, 2017 Lixisenatide (Adlyxin) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [STEPS]
    Apr 15, 2017 Albiglutide (Tanzeum) for Diabetes Mellitus [STEPS]
    Dec 15, 2016 Empagliflozin (Jardiance) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [STEPS]
    Jun 15, 2015 Dapagliflozin (Farxiga) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [STEPS]
    May 15, 2013 Bromocriptine Mesylate (Cycloset) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [STEPS]
    Apr 15, 2013 Metformin Use in Adolescents [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
    Dec 15, 2012 Linagliptin (Tradjenta) for the Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus [STEPS]
    Dec 15, 2010 Updated Recommendations on Daily Aspirin Use in Patients with Diabetes [Practice Guidelines]
    Nov 01, 2010 Does Metformin Increase the Risk of Fatal or Nonfatal Lactic Acidosis? [Cochrane for Clinicians]
    Jun 15, 2010 Saxagliptin (Onglyza) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [STEPS]
    Mar 01, 2009 Dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 Inhibitors for Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes [Cochrane Briefs]
    Feb 15, 2008 Are Long-acting Insulin Analogues Better Than Isophane Insulin? [Cochrane for Clinicians]   Alg
    Oct 01, 2007 Does Pioglitazone Benefit Patients with Type 2 Diabetes? [Cochrane for Clinicians]
    Sep 15, 2007 Sitagliptin (Januvia) for the Treatment of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes [STEPS]
    Jun 15, 2007 Therapies for Diabetes: Pramlintide and Exenatide
    May 15, 2007 Insulin Inhalation Powder (Exubera) for Diabetes Mellitus [STEPS]
    Dec 15, 2006 Pregabalin (Lyrica) for the Management of Pain Associated with Diabetic Neuropathy [STEPS]
    Jun 15, 2006 Exenatide Injection (Byetta): Adjunctive Therapy for Glycemic Control [STEPS]
    Feb 01, 2006 Are Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors Effective for Control of Type 2 Diabetes? [Cochrane for Clinicians]
    Sep 01, 2005 Statin Therapy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
    Prevention
    Apr 15, 2022 Prevention or Delay of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Recommendations From the American Diabetes Association [Practice Guidelines]   CME
    Aug 15, 2021 Can Pioglitazone Prevent or Delay Type 2 Diabetes in Patients with Prediabetes? [Cochrane for Clinicians]   CME
    Nov 01, 2020 Metformin to Prevent Diabetes in Patients at Increased Risk [Cochrane for Clinicians]   CME
    Dec 01, 2018 Preventing or Delaying Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with Diet and Exercise [Cochrane for Clinicians]
    Apr 01, 2018 DPP-4 Inhibitors and GLP-1 Receptor Agonists for Prevention or Delay of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Associated Complications [Cochrane for Clinicians]
    Feb 01, 2016 Preventing CVD in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Update from the AHA and ADA [Practice Guidelines]
    Nov 01, 2007 Metformin Therapy and Diabetes Prevention in Adolescents Who Are Obese [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
    Feb 15, 2005 ACS/ADA/AHA Issue Core Recommendations for Preventing Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, and Diabetes [Practice Guidelines]
    Patient Education, Self-Care
    Aug 01, 2016 Nerve Pain in Diabetes [Information from Your Family Doctor]   PtEd
    Aug 01, 2013 Preventing Diabetic Foot Infections [Information from Your Family Doctor]   PtEd
    Jul 01, 2009 Gestational Diabetes and Nutrition [Information from Your Family Doctor]   PtEd
    Jan 01, 2009 Lifestyle Changes to Manage Type 2 Diabetes [Information from Your Family Doctor]   PtEd
    Jun 15, 2008 Gastroparesis: What You Should Know [Information from Your Family Doctor]   PtEd
    Improving Practice
    Jun 01, 2013 Diabetes: Taking Control of My Health [Close-ups]
    Oct 01, 2011 A Lifestyle That Enables Me to Control My Type 2 Diabetes [Close-ups]
    Feb 01, 2010 Getting Motivated Is Difficult [Close-ups]
    Oct 15, 2005 Supporting Self-management in Patients with Chronic Illness

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